From The Book of Ballymote (Leabhar Bhaile an Mhóta,RIA MS 23 P 12, 275 foll.), named for the parish ofBallymote, County Sligo, was written in 1390 or 1391.
These are two pages from the Auraicept na n-Éces, the “Scholar’s Primer”, likely the oldest defense of a local vernacular (non-Latin or Greek) language in Europe. The first part of the book is a philosophical comparison of the Irish Gaelic language with Noah’s Ark, and a grammar of said language. The second half of the book is a description of the Ogham writing system, and several derivations of it. This text is the origin of the Ogham script’s association with trees.